Dr JuHyun Lee
Putting the needs of end-users above all else, Dr JuHyun Lee is seeking to ensure designs for the built environment are coherent, clear and shareable through his research and teaching.
Cities are fascinating. Young and old, contemporary and heritage-listed, rich and poor, breathtakingly beautiful and unattractively bleak, they are all a result of human action, shrewdly embodying local, national and global flows in politics, the economy and society. Tightly knotted and testifying to the intersections of public policy, art and urban governance, each is representative of transformation too. Dr Lee, an authority on architectural design and planning, is untangling their multiple, multilayered and interdependent influences through his research. Passionate and pioneering, JuHyun is also making significant contributions to three other related areas, including architectural design computing, design generation and analysis, and design communication and cognition.
I am Senior Lecturer in Architecture and Computational Design, the University of New South Wales (UNSW Sydney). I have published over 70 research publications and made a significant contribution to the fields of architectural and computational design, and design cognition. My international reputation has been recognised by being invited to be a guest editor/chair/committee member for international journals and conferences. I was invited to become a visiting academic at the University of Newcastle in 2011, where I as a senior lecturer completed five-year post-doctoral studies in design computing and cognition. I was also a senior research fellow at the University of South Australia in 2018.
After a successful career in architecture and construction industries – which included the development of five-award winning architectural design projects – I was awarded a teaching development grant (as a programming specialist in digital design) in 2003. The government-funded three-year position was designed to support the development of new design and digital programming courses at the national level. Since then, I have spent eight years in career development in South Korea. During my career development, I had participated in various building technology research projects, e.g., context-aware smart home and construction infrastructure technology program, collaborating with multi-disciplinary industrial partners as well as international researchers. These research opportunities in South Korea allow me to be continuously involved in innovative international research programs. I was undertaking a government-funded cognitive project in South Korea at Kyunghee University, when I was invited to come to Australia as a visiting research academic in 2011 for collaborative, strategic research on design computing and cognition.
Architectural design and computing
I developed a Glenn Murcutt shape grammar in 2012 (as part of ARC DP1094154 – “Computational analysis of the 20th century architecture”), proposing a new mathematical approach to analysing and generating design instances within a specific language of architectural design. The final output was invited to present a fully funded, plenary talk at Cultural DNA Workshop 2017. I have further developed an innovative method that combines Shape Grammar and Space Syntax approaches to offer a rigorous way of understanding an architectural style and then producing variations of that style. The two approaches have only rarely been connected in the past. This research has provided a new critical knowledge base about architecture in terms of forms, styles and spatial configurations. In 2016, I undertook a strategic pilot grants project, “New computational tools for assessing spatial and social cognition in aged-care environments”, which syntactically examined Australian and Korean facilities as well as hypothetical designs reflecting ‘best practice’ in the industry. These grammatical and/or syntactical studies over the eight years have resulted in a co-authored book, presenting advances into two of the areas of research.
Involved in strategic research on design computing and cognition in 2011, I developed a methodological framework for exploring parametric design processes. I also advanced protocol analysis techniques to analyse architectural design protocols. These works assisted in the development of HDR students’ formal methodologies and attracted a strong audience’ interest at international conferences such as Design Research Society (2012) and Design Computing and Cognition (2012) – invited to present in a plenary session. In late 2012, I started my own cognitive project, “Formal evaluation of creativity on parametric design”. I developed an innovative research framework, combining protocol analysis (process) and a consensual assessment technique (product), to investigate creativity in parametric design. Such a conceptual framework has not previously been available and is a catalyst for this research program on the language of design.
My strategic pilot project (2014) on multi-cultural design communication was the first study into the relationship spatial cognition and spatial language in the field of architectural design. This research has proposed a significant conceptual leap viewing design cognition from a linguistic perspective and was invited to be published in a special issue of International Journal of Architectural Computing.
Awarded an international relations grant from the DFAT in 2016, I organised two ‘Design and Language’ symposiums (2016 Seoul, 2017 Newcastle). I also initiated a cross-cultural network, ‘Australia–Korea design language group’, to develop educational, cultural and industrial links between Australia and South Korea. My OLT project (2016-18) have also developed pedagogical solutions to the linguistic and cultural barriers in design education. It developed 23 design protocols produced by Australian and Asian architectural students from four architecture schools in Australia. It also recorded and examined two sets of interviews, (1) focus-group interviews and (2) face-to-face interviews. Since this multi-focused research contributes to fundamental knowledge-building pertaining to how different cultures understand and communicate design, it was invited to deliver keynotes at (Co)Design events (2017).
In Australia, I led two externally funded research projects, supported by an Office for Learning and Teaching (OLT), and an Australia-Korea Foundation of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), with many international/ national partners and reference groups. My recent cognitive research, Design and Language, has a significant impact on breaking down the barriers to achieving efficient and sustainable interactions between people in design teams, particularly those in the Asia–Pacific region.
- Architecture and Mathematics
- Design Computing and Cognition
- Contextual Computational Design
- Space Syntax and Shape Grammar
- Strategic Planning and Community Design
- Report on Interoperable Building Information Models for Sustainable Design
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ, 2020, Grammatical and Syntactical Approaches in Architecture: Emerging Research and Opportunities, IGI Global, Hershey PA, http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-7998-1698-0
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2020, Design Thinking: Creativity, Collaboration and Culture, Springer International Publishing, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-56558-9
Yoon W; Yu I; Lee J, 2008, BIM Solution centred on Archline2008, BookMedia Co., Seoul
Kim S; Kim J; Lee J, 2002, PHOTOSHOP 7+ (for the purpose of sensuous Digital Design), BestBook Co., Seoul
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2020, 'Design Thinking and Building Information Modelling', in Design Thinking: Creativity, Collaboration and Culture, Springer International Publishing, pp. 147 - 163, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-56558-9_6
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2020, 'Design Strategies and Creativity', in Design Thinking: Creativity, Collaboration and Culture, Springer International Publishing, pp. 33 - 63, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-56558-9_2
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2020, 'Conclusion: Three C’s of Design Thinking', in Design Thinking: Creativity, Collaboration and Culture, Springer International Publishing, pp. 237 - 245, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-56558-9_10
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2020, 'Introduction: Exploring Design Thinking', in Design Thinking: Creativity, Collaboration and Culture, Springer International Publishing, pp. 1 - 30, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-56558-9_1
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2020, 'Collaborative Design: Team Cognition and Communication', in Design Thinking: Creativity, Collaboration and Culture, Springer International Publishing, pp. 113 - 145, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-56558-9_5
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2020, 'Design Thinking Across Borders', in Design Thinking: Creativity, Collaboration and Culture, Springer International Publishing, pp. 191 - 209, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-56558-9_8
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2020, 'Design Thinking and the Digital Ecosystem', in Design Thinking: Creativity, Collaboration and Culture, Springer International Publishing, pp. 165 - 188, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-56558-9_7
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2020, 'The Language of Design Thinking', in Design Thinking: Creativity, Collaboration and Culture, Springer International Publishing, pp. 211 - 233, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-56558-9_9
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2020, 'Creative Micro-processes in Parametric Design', in Design Thinking: Creativity, Collaboration and Culture, Springer International Publishing, pp. 65 - 84, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-56558-9_3
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2020, 'Measuring Cognitive Complexity', in Design Thinking: Creativity, Collaboration and Culture, Springer International Publishing, pp. 85 - 110, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-56558-9_4
Taylor M; Lee JH, 2019, 'Digital Futures and Responsive Architecture', in Brooker G; Harriss H; Walker K; Matz CA (ed.), Interior Futures, Crucible Pres, Yountville, CA, pp. 126 - 137
Lee JH; Ning G, 2019, 'Historical BIM+: Sharing, preserving and reusing architectural design data', in Kramer-Smyth J (ed.), , Facet Publishing, London, pp. 124 - 144
Lee JH; Gu N, 2018, 'A design grammar for identifying spatial uniqueness of Murcutt’s rural houses', in Lee J-H (ed.), Computational Studies on Cultural Variation and Heredity, Springer Nature, Singapore, pp. 189 - 203, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-8189-7_15
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2017, 'Cognitive Challenges for Teamwork in Design', in Tucker R (ed.), Collaboration and Student Engagement in Design Education, IGI Global, Hershey PA, pp. 55 - 75, http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-0726-0.ch003
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2015, 'Using a JPG Grammar to Explore the Syntax of a Style: An Application to the Architecture of Glenn Murcutt', in Gero JS; Hanna S (ed.), , Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, pp. 589 - 604, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-14956-1_33
Lee JH; Gu N; Jupp J; Sherratt S, 2014, 'Evaluating Creativity in Parametric Design Processes and Products: A Pilot Study', in Gero JS (ed.), , Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 165 - 183, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9112-0_10
Lee JH; Gu N; Ostwald MJ; Jupp J, 2013, 'Understanding cognitive activities in parametric design', in Zhang J; Sun C (ed.), Global Design and Local Materialization (part of CCIS), Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 38 - 49, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-38974-0-4
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2020, 'A statistical shape grammar approach to analysing and generating design instances of Murcutt’s domestic architecture', Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, pp. 239980832091356 - 239980832091356, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2399808320913568
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N; Roberts M, 2019, 'Linguistic and cultural perspectives on globalised design education', International Journal of Technology and Design Education, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10798-019-09544-2
Lee JH; Gu N; Ostwald MJ, 2019, 'Cognitive and linguistic differences in architectural design', Architectural Science Review, pp. 1 - 13, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00038628.2019.1606777
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ, 2019, 'Measuring cognitive complexity in parametric design', International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, vol. 7, pp. 158 - 178, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21650349.2018.1555492
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2018, 'A Justified Plan Graph (JPG) grammar approach to identifying spatial design patterns in an architectural style', Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, vol. 45, pp. 67 - 89, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0265813516665618
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2017, 'A Combined Plan Graph and Massing Grammar Approach to Frank Lloyd Wright’s Prairie Architecture', Nexus Network Journal, vol. 19, pp. 279 - 299, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00004-017-0333-0
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Sher WD; Lee H, 2017, 'Developing strategic planning schemes for urban regeneration through mixed-use development in Seoul', International Planning Studies, vol. 22, pp. 205 - 225, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13563475.2016.1243042
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Lee H, 2017, 'Measuring the spatial and social characteristics of the architectural plans of aged care facilities', Frontiers of Architectural Research, vol. 6, pp. 431 - 441, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foar.2017.09.003
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2016, 'The language of design: Spatial cognition and spatial language in parametric design', International Journal of Architectural Computing, vol. 14, pp. 277 - 288, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1478077116663350
Kim MJ; Lee JH; Wang X; Kim JT, 2015, 'Health Smart Home Services incorporating a MAR-based Energy Consumption Awareness System', Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems: Theory and Applications, vol. 79, pp. 523 - 535, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10846-014-0114-x
Lee JH; Gu N; Ostwald M, 2015, 'Creativity and parametric design? Comparing designer’s cognitive approaches with assessed levels of creativity', International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, vol. 3, pp. 78 - 94, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21650349.2014.931826
Lee JH; Sher WD; Lee HS; Mak MY; Ostwald MJ, 2015, 'Strategic planning indicators: Towards mixed-use developments supporting urban regeneration in Seoul', Global Built Environment Review, vol. 9, pp. 48 - 68, http://www.globalbuiltenvironmentreview.co.uk/Pages/LatestIssueMarch2015.aspx
Lee JH; Ostwald MJ; Gu N, 2015, 'A syntactical and grammatical approach to architectural configuration, analysis and generation', Architectural Science Review, vol. 58, pp. 189 - 204, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00038628.2015.1015948
Lee JH; Gu N; Williams AP, 2014, 'Parametric design strategies for the generation of creative designs', International Journal of Architectural Computing, vol. 12, pp. 263 - 282, http://dx.doi.org/10.1260/1478-07220.127.116.113
Lee JH; Lee H; Kim MJ; Wang X; Love PED, 2014, 'Context-aware inference in ubiquitous residential environments', Computers in Industry, vol. 65, pp. 148 - 157, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compind.2013.08.005
Yu R; Gu N; Lee JH, 2013, 'Comparing designers’ behavior in responding to unexpected discoveries in parametric design environments and geometry modeling environments', International Journal of Architectural Computing, vol. 11, pp. 393 - 414, http://dx.doi.org/10.1260/1478-0718.104.22.1683
Kim MJ; Lee J; Cho ME, 2013, 'Design Approaches to Virtual Architecture in a Digital Design Studio', Journal of Digital Design, vol. 13, pp. 53 - 61, http://www.dbpia.co.kr/Journal/ArticleDetail/3225958
Lee JH; Song JH; Oh KS; Gu N, 2013, 'Information lifecycle management with RFID for material control on construction sites', Advanced Engineering Informatics, vol. 27, pp. 108 - 119, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aei.2012.11.004
Lee J; Chae HH; Kim MJ; Wang X, 2012, 'A work service model of the ubiquitous environment for collaboration', Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, vol. 6, pp. 44 - 52
Cho ME; Chae HH; Lee J; Kim MJ, 2012, 'A Study on the Direction of Ubiquitous Office with a Focus on Work Services', Journal of Korean Institute of Interior Design, vol. 21, pp. 186 - 196
Lee J; Kim M-J, 2010, 'A Development Strategy of Augmented Reality Contents in the Contextual Environments', Journal of Human Contents of Association, vol. 19, pp. 179 - 218
Lee J; Lee H-S, 2010, 'The Planning Strategy of the Mixed-Use Complex using the Contextual Marketing', Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea, vol. 26, pp. 49 - 60
Park S-J; Lee J; Lee H-S, 2009, 'A Study on Analyzing Spatial Configuration of Design Seoul Street for the City Marketing', Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea, vol. 25, pp. 143 - 152
Lee J; Song J-H; Oh K-S, 2009, 'A Study on Developing a Context-Aware Scenario for the RFID Application of the Information Management on the Construction Materials', Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea, vol. 25, pp. 111 - 118
Lee H-S; Lee J, 2009, 'A Study on the Conceptual Model of the Ubiquitous Residential Environment based on the Context-Aware Inference', Info Design Issue, vol. 18, pp. 3 - 15
Lee H-S; Lee J; Kim G-Y; Jung A-R, 2009, 'A Study on the residential building layout of the apartment using the spatial composition of the traditional urban residences', Info Design Issue, vol. 17, pp. 61 - 72
Oh K-S; Song J-H; Lee J; Park S-H, 2009, 'Information Integrated Management through Life Cycle of Construction Materials in Apartment Housing', Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea: Structure and Construction, vol. 25, pp. 175 - 183
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